Bwindi national park is located in the south western Uganda stretching to the south of Queen Elizabeth national park and democratic republic of Congo. The park is a tropical rain forest which covers the rolling hills of kabala, kanungu, Rubanda and kisoro districts. Bwindi harbors around 450 gorillas which is half of the total mountain gorillas in the world. The park covers around 321 km2 lying under 1160m to 2600m above sea level and was gazette in 1993
The park is dated to be the oldest biodiversity rain forest that is dated 25000 years back. The park has around four tracking points/ areas, each with different gorilla family groups that allow/gives 100% guarantee of the trekking and seeing these giant animals.
It provides habitat for 120 species of mammals, 348 species of birds, 220 species of butterflies, 27 species of frogs, chameleons, geckos, and many endangered species. Floristically, the park is among the most diverse forests in East Africa, with more than 1,000 flowering plant species, including 163 species of trees and 104 species of ferns.
It is also a sanctuary for monkeys, chimpanzees, duikers and many birds such as the Greenbuls and turacos and so many rift valley endemics. 18 habituated mountain gorilla groups are open to tourism in four different sectors of Buhoma, Ruhija, Rushaga and the Nkuringo all under the management of Uganda Wildlife Authority.
Mountains Gorillas are a subspecies of the eastern gorillas, they are scientifically called Gorilla beringei .
As there name implies, they are found in moutains between an elevation of 8000 – 13000ft.
Mountain gorillas are said to be about a thousand and they are only found in the virunga masifs ; Uganda, Rwanda and Democratic republic of Congo.
Like all other gorilla species, mountain gorillas are herbivores and consume a plant-based diet of leaves, roots, bamboo, bark, bamboo shoots, as well as seasonal fruits and flowers. But, due to the high elevations at which mountain gorillas live, they consume less fruit than other gorilla species. As a result, their diet is high in tannins.
The 3 days – mountain gorilla trekking safaris will take you to Bwindi national park which is located in the south western Uganda stretching to the south of Queen Elizabeth national park and DRC.
The safari will take you to far south west of the country. Trekking will be done in Mgahinga National park which is part of the virunga masifs.